For adult pets, we recommend vaccine appointments every
Depending on your pet's age and vaccination history, your veterinarian might recommend a custom vaccination plan.
Pet vaccinations are important for all dogs and cats; even the ones that remain indoors most, if not all, of the time because they could still catch an airborne virus from outside at potty time or through an open window or door screen. More often than not, viruses are spread due to contact with other infected animals that are wild or whose owners did not elect to keep their pet vaccinations up to date. Given the violent and progressive nature of small-animal viruses, it is of the utmost importance to immunize your pet and opt to keep your kitty current with the latest cat vaccinations and your pooch up to date with his or her dog vaccination.
For small breed dogs, we try to avoid these vaccinations unless there is a high level of exposure. Small and petite dogs can be more sensitive to these vaccinations. If they need these vaccinations, we separate their administration from other vaccinations to minimize reactions and sometimes pre-treat your pet with Benadryl prior to administration.
The Distemper vaccine, or the DA2PP protects against Distemper (a virus that attacks the digestive, respiratory and nervous system), Adenovirus (a disease that affects the liver), Parvovirus (a virus that attacks the digestive and immune systems) and Parainfluenza (a viral respiratory disease).This vaccine is given every 3 to 4 weeks until the puppy is 16 weeks. That last booster is good for 1 year. After that, the distemper vaccine is given every 3 years.
The Bordetella vaccine is for kennel cough. Kennel cough is airborne, so if your puppy is going to be going to a groomer, puppy classes or a boarding facility, you may want to consider this vaccine. Most grooming facilities require this vaccine. The Bordetella vaccine can be given orally, intranasal or by subcutaneous injection. This vaccine is given yearly.
The Leptospirosis vaccine is to prevent against Leptospirosis. Lepto is transmitted through the urine of wild animals (raccoon, opossum, fox, rats and mice). If one of these animals urinates in a puddle of water and then your puppy steps in the water and licks his feet, or laps up the water they could be exposed to it and this could be fatal. Leptospirosis is also transmissible to humans. In the past year or so, we have seen several cases of Lepto and are encouraging clients to take the precaution and protect their pets if the exposure is present. This vaccine is given once, and then repeated three weeks later. Then it is given yearly.
Rabies is carried by bats, raccoons, skunks, foxes and cats. The Rabies vaccine is given between 4 and 6 months of age. The first rabies vaccine is good for 1 year, after that the Rabies vaccine is given every 3 years.
The Lyme vaccine is to prevent Lyme disease. Lyme disease is transmitted through deer ticks. We are seeing cases of Lyme disease all throughout the island. Birds can pick off deer ticks and drop them where they may. This vaccine is given once, and then repeated three weeks later. Then it is given yearly. This is recommended if your puppy will be in heavily wooded areas or if you plan to travel regularly to places like Fire Island, out East or camping.
Rabies is a deadly virus that affects the brain and spinal cord of all mammals, including cats and humans. This being the case, it is very important to protect your pet from this virus.
We are now using a safer, non-adjuvanted Feline Rabies vaccination. Traditionally, chemicals called adjuvants have been added to Leukemia and Rabies vaccinations to enhance an animal’s immune response. More recently, concern over the potential risks, such as chronic injection site inflammation and allergic reactions—that have been associated with these adjuvants has led to the need for effective vaccines that do not require adjuvants. These new vaccines are far safer. After your cat’s adult Rabies vaccine we recommend boosters every 3 years.
FVRCP cat vaccine is our “feline distemper” vaccination that protects against feline viral rhinotracheitis, calici virus and panleukopenia. These diseases are highly contagious among cats and can have devastating effects on their respiratory and gastrointestinal systems. Once the initial immunizations have been administered, we administer this cat vaccine one year after the last kitten shot is given and once every three years afterward.
FeLV (i.e., feline leukemia virus) is a deadly viral disease that wreaks havoc on affected cats’ immune systems and can lead to an array of cancerous conditions including leukemia.
We recommend Leukemia vaccination only for “at risk” cats—cats who go outdoor, or for people who plan on or tend to “acquire” other cats in their household. We now recommend vaccinating for Leukemia vaccine every other year after the first adult vaccine.
For cats that go outside, we highly recommend a yearly Feline Leukemia or Feline Aids blood test—we can have that test result while you wait! Additionally, we are now recommending an empirical de-worming for cats who hunt, as they generally acquire intestinal parasites from birds, mice, moles, and more.